What is immunity?
Immunity refers to the body’s ability to prevent the invasion of pathogens. Pathogens are foreign disease-causing substances, such as bacteria and viruses, and people are exposed to them every day. Antigens are attached to the surface of pathogens and stimulate an immune response in the body. An immune response is the body’s defense system to fight against antigens and protect the body.
There are several types of immunity, including innate immunity, passive immunity, and acquired/active immunity Innate immunity is general protection that a person is born with, including physical barriers (skin, body hair), defense mechanisms (saliva, gastric acid), and general immune responses (inflammation). This type of immunity is considered non-specific (Khan Academy, n.d). Although the immune system does not know exactly what kind of antigen is invading the body, it can respond quickly to defend against any pathogen.
1. Passive immunity is the body’s capacity to resist pathogens by “borrowing” antibodies. For example, antibodies can be transferred to a baby from a mother’s breast milk, or through blood products containing antibodies such as immunoglobulin that can be transfused from one person to another. The most common form of passive immunity is that which an infant receives from its mother. Antibodies are transported across the placenta during the last one to two months of pregnancy. As a result, a full-term infant will have the same antibodies as its mother. These antibodies will protect the infant from certain diseases for up to a year, and act to defend against specific antigens. Although beneficial, passive immunity is temporary until the antibodies are gone (wane), since the body has not produced the antibodies.
2. Acquired (adaptive) immunity is a type of immunity that develops from immunological memory. The body is exposed to a specific antigen (which is attached to a pathogen) and develops antibodies to that specific antigen (Khan Academy, n.d.). The next time said antigen invades, the body has a memory of the specific antigen and already has antibodies to fight it off. Acquired immunity can occur from exposure to an infection, wherein a person gets a disease and develops immunity as a result. Acquired immunity also occurs from vaccination wherein the vaccine mimics a particular disease, causing an immune response in the vaccinated individual without getting them ill.
Importance of immunity
While the global population is growing rapidaly, and people are living longer, our living environment has changed substantially. There is therefore a greater need to support our health and wellbeing, primarily our immune system, at different stages throughout our life.
These concerns regarding immunity have become more important, given the periodic outbreaks of infectious diseases such as SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome), MERS (middle east respiratory syndrome), and now the coronavirus panademic, that within few months, has led to more than three million cases across the world.
There are simple public health practices to help reduce the spread of the coronavirus infection regular handwashing, avoiding close contact with sick people, and disinfecting frequently touched objects. Adequate nutrition is another important way to help reduce the risk and impact of virus infections as well as to build a more resilient immune system over the long term.
How does the immune system work?
The immune system has a vital role: It protects your body from harmful substances, germs and cell changes that could make you ill. It is made up of various organs, cells, and proteins.
As long as your immune system is running smoothly, you don’t notice that it’s there. But if it stops working properly – because it’s weak or can’t fight particularly aggressive germs – you get ill. Germs that your body has never encountered before are also likely to make you ill. Some germs will only make you ill the first time you come into contact with them. These include childhood diseases like chickenpox.
The tasks of the immune system
Without an immune system, we would have no way to fight harmful things that enter our body from the outside or harmful changes that occur inside our body. The main tasks of the body’s immune system are
• To fight disease-causing germs (pathogens) like bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, and to remove them from the body,
• To recognize and neutralize harmful substances from the environment, and
• To fight disease-causing changes in the body, such as cancer cells.
How is the immune system activated?
The immune system can be activated by a lot of different things that the body doesn’t recognize as its own. These are called antigens. Examples of antigens include the proteins on the surfaces of bacteria, fungi and viruses. When these antigens attach to special receptors on the immune cells (immune system cells), a whole series of processes are triggered in the body. Once the body has come into contact with a disease-causing germ for the first time, it usually stores information about the germ and how to fight it. Then, if it comes into contact with the germ again, it recognizes the germ straight away and can start fighting it faster.
The body’s own cells have proteins on their surface, too. But those proteins don’t usually trigger the immune system to fight the cells. Sometimes the immune system mistakenly thinks that the body’s own cells are foreign cells. It then attacks healthy, harmless cells in the body. This is known as an autoimmune response. The innate and adaptive immune system
There are two subsystems within the immune system, known as the innate (non-specific) immune system and the adaptive (specific) immune system. Both of these subsystems are closely linked and work together whenever a germ or harmful substance triggers an immune response.
The innate immune system provides a general defense against harmful germs and substances, so it’s also called the non-specific immune system. It mostly fights using immune cells such as natural killer cells and phagocytes (“eating cells”). The main job of the innate immune system is to fight harmful substances and germs that enter the body, for instance through the skin or digestive system.
The adaptive (specific) immune system makes antibodies and uses them to specifically fight certain germs that the body has previously come into contact with. This is also known as an “acquired” (learned) or specific immune response.
Because the adaptive immune system is constantly learning and adapting, the body can also fight bacteria or viruses that change over time.
Immunity with Herbal
Everybody knows how much immunity is essential for us in order to fulfill our daily chores, requirements, and many more. For a busy and hectic schedule, Immunity requires more and more. Yoga, a healthy diet, exercise, and morning walks are not enough for inner immunity, Proper herbal medications are also required for the fulfillment of inner energy. It helps to boost instantly and being natural has no side effects.
Multi vit 5 gm powder: It can be mixed with juice or water etc & advised by the health practitioner, can be taken in the morning & evening.
Ayush Kwath: Take 20ml twice a day in 150 ml of warm water and keep stirring till it dissolves and then drinks it like tea. You can mix, jaggery or lemon for flavor.
Curcumin: As a dietary supplement, adults take one vegetarian capsule twice daily, or as directed by a health care professional.
Cow Colostrum: For better results take two capsules twice/thrice a day or as directed by your Physician.
Ashwagandha: Take two Capsules twice/thrice a day or as directed by your Physician. 100% natural product for better results take it for 3-4 months.
Giloy: Take two capsules twice/thrice a day or as directed by your physician. 100% natural product for better results take it for 3-4 months.
Tulsi: Take two capsules twice/thrice a day or as directed by your Physician.100% Natural product for better results take it for 3-4 months.
Multi vit: Reduce heart disease risk, Supports muscle recovery after exercise, Fights inflammation, Improves blood circulation.
Ayush Kwath: Boosts Immunity, Detoxifies the Body, Increases Metabolism, Increases Energy Level, Improves Mental Focus, Fights Flu, and Viruses
Curcumin: Cancer treatment, Anti-Inflammatory, Cholesterol reduction, Diabetes control, Digestion aid, Weight loss.
Cow Colostrum: Improves immune system function. Antibacterial, Antiviral, and Antifungal effect Improve metabolism Strengthens Bone density & teeth, Reduce Stress, Promotes body growth, are Excellent for growing, and fight to diseases like cancer, diabetes, Asthma, Infections, Inflamed liver, etc.
Ashwagandha: It is helpful for general debility and weakness of the body, It boosts up the immune system and provides energy to body cells, It is helpful for hypertension and other diseases of the heart such as high blood cholesterol level, It is helpful for dealing with the general stress of mind and body, It helps to fight against the stress of daily activities. It is also helpful for arthritis, diabetes, premature ageing and other health diseases that may rise due and other health diseases that may arise due to a weakened immune system.
Giloy: Giloy for chronic fever, Giloy for dengue fever, Giloy for hay fever, Controls blood sugar level, Boosts immunity, Improves digestion, Reduces stress and anxiety.
Tulsi: It is helpful for recurrent attacks of respiratory infection, It is helpful for recurrent cold and cough, It is helpful for fever of any type, It is helpful for stomach infections, It is helpful for liver infections, It is helpful for boosting the immune system, It is helpful for asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema.